5407 South McColl Road, Suite B
Edinburg, Texas 78539
Phone: (956) 630-0090
Fax: (956) 630-0099
Map & Directions

 

Infertility

Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Lots of couples have infertility problems. About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause is found.

If you think you might be infertile, tell your doctor. For a man, a first step is often a sperm test. For women, doctors run tests to see if their ovaries work properly. Women in their 30s who have been trying to get pregnant for six months should consider seeking help. A woman's chances of having a baby drop rapidly every year after age 30.

Drugs or surgery are common treatments. Happily, two-thirds of couples treated for infertility go on to have babies.

What causes infertility?

Infertility does not have a single cause because successful pregnancy is a multi-step chain of events.

Simply described, pregnancy includes the following steps: A woman’s ovaries must be able to release a viable egg, which then must be able to travel down the fallopian tube. The man must be able to ejaculate, and his sperm must be able to travel to the fallopian tube. The sperm and egg must unite to fertilize the egg. The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of a receptive uterus (or implant) and be nurtured by the body to allow the fetus to develop and grow until it is ready for birth.

Problems with any of these steps can lead to infertility.

The cause of infertility can rest in the woman or the man, or can be from unknown factors or a combination of factors. In some cases, environmental factors can contribute to infertility. In other cases, genetic conditions or other health problems are the main cause of infertility.

Female infertility

As explained above, female fertility requires a variety of conditions to be successful. If even one of these conditions is not met, or is not met for the right amount of time, the pregnancy may either not happen or it may end before birth.

Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with ovulation. Some conditions affecting ovulation include premature ovarian failure, in which the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in which the ovaries may not release an egg regularly or may not release a viable, healthy egg. Among women who have PCOS, even when a healthy egg is released and fertilized, the uterus may not be receptive to implantation of a fertilized egg, which results in infertility.

Other causes of infertility might include:

Blocked fallopian tubes due to endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or surgery Physical problems with the uterine wall Uterine fibroids.

A woman’s risk for infertility can also be affected by certain lifestyle and environmental factors, including (but not limited to):

  • Age
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Smoking, drugs, and alcohol
  • Medication
  • Environmental toxins
  • Genetic conditions, such as being a carrier of Fragile X syndrome
  • Other health problems, such as sexually transmitted diseases

Services Offered:

  • Preconception and Genetic Counseling
  • Evaluation and treatment of anovulatory disorders
  • Evaluation of male factor infertility
  • Diagnostic testing for evaluation of female infertility factor
Home Page Meet Dr. Rivera Our Services